Guide to Wetsuit Thickness

Water conducts heat a lot faster than air does, so while you would likely be warm outside in 24 degrees the same temperature in water would require the correct exposure suit - in fact any water temperature below 32 degrees celsius is going to feel cold towards the end of the dive time!

This prompts the question "What thickness suit do I need for my dive?" which is a good question indeed. In this article we will simplify the options for you, however there will always be a certain degree of personal tolerance, some people are susceptible to feeling the cold more than others or vice-versa - When you make your final decision remember to take this in to account!

With that in mind, the below recommendations are based on manufacturer specifications tested against the average diver and our own real-world opinions.

 

30 Degrees Celsius +

For most people water above 30 Degree Celsius is warm enough to dive in just a swim suit although we would recommend a Rash Guard to prevent any rubbing from the Scuba equipment, or even a full lycra suit for sun and stinger protection!

If you wanted to take some thermal protection then a neutrally buoyant thermal layer such as the Sharkskin or Thermocline range would be advised.

 

28-30 Degrees Celsius

Generally a 3mm shorty would meet the exposure protection requirements here, it is also a good idea to consider a 3mm full suit which provides physical and sun protection for your arms and legs.

This could be substituted for a Thermal Layer in either a full suit or two piece if you preferred the neutrally buoyant option, they are also lighter than neoprene for keeping the suitcase weight down!

 

24-27 Degrees Celsius

A 3mm Full Suit is recommended here with an optional thermal layer (Thermocline or Sharkskin) over the core. Your core (Torso) is the most important area to keep insulated, so if you are adding a layer make sure its a core layer! Neoprene vests are an alternative to the thermal layers, but will make you more buoyant.

 

21-23 Degrees Celsius

Now you'd want to switch into a 5mm full suit and again with the optional Thermal Layers. You are also going to want to be using boots and open-heel fins whilst also considering a thin hood.

 

18-20 Degrees Celsius

For 18-20 Degree Celsius you would likely want a 7mm full suit, those extra 2mm will make all the difference!

Optionally you could go for a 5mm full suit and Thermal Layer as above and a slightly thicker hood (3-5mm)

 

15-17 Degrees Celsius

Starting to get cold now! A 7mm Suit is advised along with an optional Thermal Layer, or you could even go for a thicker Neoprene Layer however remember you will be adding on buoyancy by doing this!

A great option here is a Semi-Dry suit which is Wetsuit with improved Neck, Wrist and Ankle seals along with a Dry-Zip to really limit water ingress - It is vital with Semi-Dry suits that the fit is very good!

A thicker Hood (5mm) is also a good idea and it may also be time to consider some 3mm Gloves to insulate your hands too.

 

Below 14 Degrees Celsius

Below 14 Degrees Celsius a Drysuit is recommended, see our article on Drysuits for more information on types and features along with help choosing which is best for you!

 

Considerations

  • How well a suit fits affects how well it insulates you, they should be skin tight to avoid water flushing around the suit.
  • Repetitive diving (4 dives a day on a liveaboard) takes its toll on your bodies ability to continuously heat itself, its recommended to bring an extra layer incase you start to feel the cold.
  • Err on the side of caution is you are not sure! Being too cold underwater is very unpleasant but being too hot underwater is a rare occurrence.
  • Check the water temperature for your destination at the time of the year you plan to dive, some areas have a large annual temperature variation which will affect the exposure protection required.
  • Remember to account for your personal tolerance!
  • Some areas have Thermoclines, where the surface temperature may be warm but underwater may be significantly colder - in this case plan your exposure suit for the cooler temperature to avoid discomfort.
Was this article helpful?
0 out of 0 found this helpful
Have more questions? Submit a request

Comments

0 comments

Please sign in to leave a comment.